Once the flushing and cleaning activities have been completed, including the backflushing, there will usually be a delay until the handover as other commissioning works will need to be completed, such as hydraulic water balancing.
During this delay, the responsibility of maintaining the System, and the water quality, will be the general/main contractors or any specialist they have employed.
The works and requirements are pretty straightforward forward which we run through below.
Why monitor the quality?
It is imperative to complete this stage as it will ensure the System is handed to the building owner/facilities team in line with the specification and there are no problems, which could cause delays to the process and additional costs.
The worst case of allowing the water quality to deteriorate is that parts of the flushing process will need to be completed again; it could also affect the operation of the plant and equipment.
To see our full example of a method statement for the Flushing & Chemical Cleaning works, including the ongoing monitoring click here
Here is our Open Copy of our Flushing and Chemical Cleaning Method Statement in MS Word. With instructions
A ‘Monitoring Plan’ should be put in place to ensure the correct steps are taken. Usually, this will form part of the method statement.
Agreement of the plan
Once written, the plan should be agreed upon with the following parties:
- System Chemical Engineer.
- Commissioning Manager.
- Building Operator/Facilities Engineer.
Items the plan should cover
The following should be identified in the plan:
- Who will be responsible for the sampling and analysis.
- Quanitiy of samples to be taken and locations.
- Time between samples.
- If site analysis and laboratory analysis or just laboratory.
- Water quality parameters for reviewing the results.
Responsibility for the activities
The below provides an overview of activities and tasks that will need to be completed with examples of who would achieve them.
|1||Writing of the monitoring plan||General / Main Contractor / Contractor / Chemical Specialist|
|2||Approving the monitoring plan||Chemical Specialist / Commissioning Manager / Designer / Building Owner|
|3||Implementing the monitoring plan||General / Main Contractor / Contractor / Chemical Specialist|
|4||Overseeing implementation||Commissioning Manager|
|5||Sampling and providing laboratory certificates||General / Main Contractor / Contractor / Chemical Specialist|
|6||Analysis of result to understand if there are issues||General / Main Contractor / Contractor / Chemical Specialist|
|7||Final reports before handover of the System||General / Main Contractor / Contractor / Chemical Specialist|
|8||Approving reports||Commissioning Manager / Designer / Building Owner|
Quantity of samples to be taken and locations
The quantity of water sampling should be conducted in line with the following, which is covered in more detail in our article ‘DYNAMIC FLUSHING | Procedure & Sequence’.
|Size of System||Quantity of Samples||Where to Sample||Time between Samples|
|<3,000 Liters and <2 Terminal Units||One||One in Main Plant Area||every 2 weeks|
|<3,000 Liters and <25 Terminal Units||Three||One in Main Plant Area + Two in Remote Locations on the System||every 2 weeks|
|<8,000 Liters or 25 to 80 Terminal Units||Four||One in Main Plant Area + Three Remote Locations on the System||every 2 weeks|
|<20,000 Liters or 80 to 250 Terminal Units||Five||One in Main Plant Area + Four Remote Locations on the System||every 2 weeks|
|<40,000 Liters or 250 to 500 Terminal Units||Six||One in Main Plant Area + Five Remote Locations on the System||every 2 weeks|
|>40,000 Liters or >500 Terminal Units||Various||One in Main Plant Area + [no. of terminal units/500]x5*||every 2 weeks|
Tools and equipment that can be used
The following tools, systems, and equipment can be used to provide information on the System:
- Site water analizing kit – for quick onsite understanding of the water quality.
- Sampling bottles – for collection of water.
- Chemical treatment system – to ensure the water within the pipework is dosed inline with the specification.
- Corrosion coupons, where installed – to help understand the corrosive nature of the system.
The water quality parameters would be dependant upon the specification of the System, type of materials, and requirements of the designer/chemical specialist.
Usually, the parameters analyzed would be:
- Suspended Solids
- Total Alkalinity
- Total Hardness
- Total Iron
- Dissolved Iron
- Total Copper
- Total Viable Count [TVC]
What to do if any issues are noted?
Once the analysis and reporting of the samples has been conducted, there needs to be an evaluation to ensure the results are inline with expectations, or if thre are any issues such as the parameters rising over time.
Where any issues are noted, the chemical specialist should be notified straight away. They will then complete further investigations and make recommendations as the the steps that need to be taken.